Almeida-Lopes, L., Rigau, J., Zângaro, R. a, Guidugli-Neto, J., & Jaeger, M. M. (2001). Comparison of the low level laser therapy effects on cultured human gingival fibroblasts proliferation using different irradiance and same fluence. Lasers in Surgery and Medicine, 29(2), 179–84. Retrieved from

Bjordal, J. M., Johnson, M. I., Iversen, V., Aimbire, F., & Lopes-Martins, R. A. B. (2006). Low-level laser therapy in acute pain: a systematic review of possible mechanisms of action and clinical effects in randomized placebo-controlled trials. Photomedicine and Laser Surgery, 24(2), 158–68. doi:10.1089/pho.2006.24.158

Bjordal, J. M., Lopes-Martins, R. A., Joensen, J., Couppe, C., Ljunggren, A. E., Stergioulas, A., & Johnson, M. I. (2008). A systematic review with procedural assessments and meta-analysis of low level laser therapy in lateral elbow tendinopathy (tennis elbow). BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders, 9, 75. doi:10.1186/1471-2474-9-75

Choi, B., Chang, M. S., Kim, H. Y., Park, J.-W., Ryu, B., & Kim, J. (2013). Effects of low level laser therapy on ovalbumin-induced mouse model of allergic rhinitis. Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine : eCAM, 2013, 753829. doi:10.1155/2013/753829

Chow, R. T., Johnson, M. I., Lopes-Martins, R. A. B., & Bjordal, J. M. (2009). Efficacy of low-level laser therapy in the management of neck pain: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised placebo or active-treatment controlled trials. Lancet, 374(9705), 1897–908. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(09)61522-1

Conlan, M. J., Rapley, J. W., & Cobb, C. M. (1996). Biostimulation of wound healing by low-energy laser irradiation. A review. Journal of Clinical Periodontology, 23, 492–496. doi:10.1111/j.1600-051X.1996.tb00580.x

Dais, J. (2009). Low Level Laser Therapy Position Paper for the CMTBC : An Examination of the Safety , Effectiveness and Usage of Low Level Laser Therapy for the Treatment of Musculoskeletal Conditions (pp. 1–24).

Desmet, K., Paz, D., & Corry, J. (2006). Clinical and experimental applications of NIR-LED photobiomodulation. … and Laser Therapy, 24(2), 121–128. Retrieved from

div. auth. (2005). Laser in der Parodontologie. Gemeinsame Stellungnahme der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Mund-Zahn- und Kieferheilkunde und der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Parodontologie. DZZ, 60(6). Retrieved from

Dyson, M., & Young, S. (1986). Effect of laser therapy on wound contraction and cellularity in mice. Lasers in Medical Science, 1(January), 125–130. doi:10.1007/BF02038962

Evans, D. H., & Abrahamse, H. (2008). Efficacy of three different laser wavelengths for in vitro wound healing. Photodermatology, Photoimmunology & Photomedicine, 24(4), 199–210. doi:10.1111/j.1600-0781.2008.00362.x

Forney, R., & Mauro, T. (1999). Using Lasers in Diabetic Wound Healing. Diabetes Technology & Therapeutics, 1(2), 189–192. doi:10.1089/152091599317404

Harrington, P., & Mercola, J. (n.d.). Benefits of K-Laser Class 4 Laser Therapy Treatments. Retrieved from

Hode, L. (2003). Laser – der heilt. Svensko Laser-Medicinsko Söllskapet. Retrieved from

Ilbuldu, E., Cakmak, A., Disci, R., & Aydin, R. (2004). Comparison of laser, dry needling, and placebo laser treatments in myofascial pain syndrome. Photomedicine and Laser Surgery, 22(4), 306–11. doi:10.1089/1549541041797878

Karu, T. (1986). Molecular mechanism of the therapeutic effect of low-intensity laser irradiation. Lasers in Life Sciences, 2(1), 53–74. Retrieved from mechanism of Light.pdf

Karu, T. (2000). Mechanisms of low-power laser light action on cellular level. EOS/SPIE European Biomedical Optics …, 4159, 1–17. doi:10.1117/12.405918

Karu, T. (2003). Low-Power Laser Therapy. In T. Vo-Dinh (Ed.), Biomedical Photoniics Handbook (pp. 1–26). Boca Raton, Fla: CRC Press. Retrieved from

Karu, T. I., Afanasyeva, N. I., Kolyakov, S. F., Pyatibrat, L. V., & Welser, L. (2001). Changes in absorbance of monolayer of living cells induced by laser radiation at 633, 670, and 820 nm. IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics, 7(6), 982–988. doi:10.1109/2944.983303

Karu, T., Tiphlova, O., Esenaliev, R., & Letokhov, V. (1994). Two different mechanisms of low-intensity laser photobiological effects on Escherichia coli. Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology, 24, 155–161. doi:10.1016/1011-1344(94)07016-4

Kilík, R., Lakyová, L., Sabo, J., Kruzliak, P., Lacjaková, K., Vasilenko, T., … Radoňak, J. (2014). Effect of equal daily doses achieved by different power densities of low-level laser therapy at 635 nm on open skin wound healing in normal and diabetic rats. BioMed Research International, 2014, 269253. doi:10.1155/2014/269253

Kushibiki, T., Hirasawa, T., Okawa, S., & Ishihara, M. (2013). Regulation of miRNA Expression by Low-Level Laser Therapy (LLLT) and Photodynamic Therapy (PDT). International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 14(7), 13542–58. doi:10.3390/ijms140713542

Laser-Therapie lindert Nackenschmerzen. (n.d.). Deutsches Ärzteblatt. Retrieved from

Liebert, M. A., Diode, N. L., Sommer, A. P., Pinheiro, A. L. B., Mester, A. R., Franke, R., & Whelan, H. T. (2001). Biostimulatory Windows in Low-Intensity Laser Activation Array System. Journal of Clinical Laser Medicine & Surgery, 19(1), 29–33.

Lubart, R., Landau, Z., Lipovsky, A., & Nitzan, Y. (2008). A New Light Device for Wound Healing. Recent Patents on Biomedical Engineering, 1(1), 13–17. doi:10.2174/1874764710801010013

Lubart, R., Wollman, Y., Friedmann, H., Rochkind, S., & Laulicht, I. (1992). Effects of visible and near-infrared lasers on cell cultures. Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology, 12, 305–310. doi:10.1016/1011-1344(92)85032-P

Paschke, F. (n.d.). Rotlicht als LTB 4 -Antagonist? Ein Erklärungsversuch für die therapeutische Wirkung von intensivem Rotlicht bei peripheren Entzündungen. Retrieved from

Rodrigues, N. C., Assis, L., Fernandes, K. R., Magri, A., Ribeiro, D. a, Brunelli, R., … Renno, A. C. M. (2013). Effects of 660 nm low-level laser therapy on muscle healing process after cryolesion. Journal of Rehabilitation Research and Development, 50(7), 985–96. doi:10.1682/JRRD.2012.08.0147

Simunovic, Z. (1996). Low level laser therapy with trigger points technique: a clinical study on 243 patients. Journal of Clinical Laser Medicine & Surgery, 14(4), 163–7. Retrieved from

Simunovic, Z., Trobonjaca, T., & Trobonjaca, Z. (1998). Treatment of medial and lateral epicondylitis–tennis and golfer’s elbow–with low level laser therapy: a multicenter double blind, placebo-controlled clinical study on 324 patients. Journal of Clinical Laser Medicine & Surgery, 16(3), 145–51. Retrieved from

Sommer, A. P., Bieschke, J., Friedrich, R. P., Zhu, D., Wanker, E. E., Fecht, H. J., … Hunstein, W. (2012). 670 nm laser light and EGCG complementarily reduce amyloid-β aggregates in human neuroblastoma cells: basis for treatment of Alzheimer’s disease? Photomedicine and Laser Surgery, 30(1), 54–60. doi:10.1089/pho.2011.3073

Szundi, I., Liao, G.-L., & Einarsdóttir, Ó. (2001). Near-Infrared Time-Resolved Optical Absorption Studies of the Reaction of Fully Reduced Cytochrome c Oxidase with Dioxygen. Biochemistry, 40(8), 2332–2339. doi:10.1021/bi002220v

Universität Ulm. (n.d.). Neuer Alzheimer-Therapieansatz. Retrieved January 30, 2015, from

Vladimirov, Y. a., Osipov, a. N., & Klebanov, G. I. (2004). Photobiological Principles of Therapeutic Applications of Laser Radiation. Biochemistry (Moscow), 69(1), 81–90. doi:10.1023/B:BIRY.0000016356.93968.7e

Walker, J. (1983). Relief from chronic pain by low power laser irradiation. Neuroscience Letters, 43, 339–344. doi:10.1016/0304-3940(83)90211-2

Walker, J., & Akhanjee, L. (1985). Laser-induced somatosensory evoked potentials: evidence of photosensitivity in peripheral nerves. Brain Research, 344, 281–285. Retrieved from

Walsh, L. J. (1997). The current status of low level laser therapy in dentistry. Part 1. Soft tissue applications. Australian Dental Journal, 42(4), 247–54. Retrieved from

Walter, H. (n.d.). Basics of LLL-Therapy. Retrieved from

Wang, G. (2004). Low Level Laser Therapy (LLLT). Technology Assessment. Retrieved from